Sources, citing and referencing at Biology Department, Lund University: how exactly to write proper recommendations

How exactly to compose proper recommendations

Just how to compose proper sources according towards the design utilized during the Department of Biology, Lund University.

The style utilized during the Department of Biology, Lund University is just a traditional harvard design. There are numerous good referencing guides for Harvard styles they do differ in details since it is one of the most used, and some are given in the section on recommended books, websites etc. However although all are Harvard styles.

NB! Often the book you have got utilized will not include all the details necessary to compose a reference that is correct. This might be specially common for web sites, but often reports and other publications miss some given information, and it’s also my impression so it gets to be more and much more typical. In those instances compose the reference nearly as good as you’ll using the information you’ve got.

Sources to any or all different types of scholarly articles, in other words. research (main) articles, review articles, meta-analyses etc.


Arendt, J.D. 1997. Adaptive intrinsic growth rates: an integration across taxa. Q. Rev. Biol. 72: 149-177.

Cronin, P., Ryan, F. and Coughlan, M. 2008. Undertaking a literary works review: a step by step approach. Br. J. Nurs. 17: 38-43.

Truant, R., Fridell, R.A., Benson, E.R., Herold, A. and Cullen, B.R. 1998. Nucleocytoplasmic shuttling by protein import that is nuclear. Eur. J. Cell Biol. 77: 269-275.

Weetman, D. and Atkinson, D. 2004. Evaluation of alternate hypotheses to describe temperature-induced life history changes in Daphnia. J. Plant Res. 26: 107-116.

for example. Final name(s), initial(s) associated with author(s) NB! within the same purchase as regarding the article. Publication year. Article name. Journal title (abbreviated) Volume: pages.

Some (frequently present) articles may well not include most of the “conventional” information necessary for composing a reference that is correct. For sources to articles that are such examples below:

Oxtoby, L. E., Mathis, J. T., Juranek, L. W. and Wooller, M. J. 2015. Estimating carbon that is stable values of microphytobenthos when you look at the Arctic for application to meals internet studies. Polar Biol. DOI 10.1007/s00300-015-1800-2.

in other words. Final name(s), initial(s) of this author(s). 12 months of publication. Article name. Journal title. DOI quantity. DOI is short for Digital Object Identifier and it is an original ID when it comes to electronic document. Ultimately DOI will probably be standard information included to the guide.

Carpalia, C.A., Dopko, R., L. & Zelenski, J.M. 2014. The partnership between nature happiness and connectedness: a meta-analysis. Front. Psychol. 5: article 976.

in other words Last name(s), initial(s) regarding the author(s). 12 months of book. Article name. Journal name. Article quantity